Jean-Claude Monboisse by SINGER-POLIGNAC
Matrikines: a new anticancer therapeutic strategy
Jean Claude Monboisse
Tumor microenvironment is a complex system of a largely altered extracellular matrix with different cell types that influence the angiogenic response to a tumor and the local invasion of the tumor. Upon the influence of hypoxia, tumor cells secrete cytokines that activate stromal cells to produce proteases and angiogenic factors. The proteases degrade the stromal ECM and participate in the release of various ECM fragments, named matrikines or matricryptins, capable to control tumor invasion and metastasis dissemination. We will focus on the matrikines derived from the NC1 domains of the different constitutive chains of basement membrane-associated collagens and mainly collagen IV. The putative targets of the matrikine action are the proliferation and invasive properties of tumor or inflammatory cells, and the angiogenic and lymphangiogenic responses. For example, canstatin, tumstatin and tetrastatin, respectively derived from the NC1 domains of α2, α3 and α4 chains of collagen IV, inhibit in vivo tumor growth in various experimental cancer models. Their anti-cancer activity comprises an anti-proliferative effect on tumor cells and on endothelial cells by induction of cell apoptosis or cell cycle blockade and the induction of a loss of their migratory phenotype.
Matrikines constitute a new family of potent anticancer agents that could be used under various therapeutic strategies: i) induction of their overexpression by cancer cells or by the host cells, ii) use of recombinant proteins or synthetic peptides or structural analogs designed from the structure of the active sequences. These matrikines could be used in combination with conventional chemotherapy or radiotherapy.